Tuesday, October 14, 2008

Mumbai History - Important Dates in Mumbai

Mumbai Dates: Chronological list of events that made Mumbai

- 600 BC — First known permanent settlement.
- 300 BC — Part of Ashokas Empire.
- 900 to 1300 — part of Hindu Silhara dynasty.
- 1343 — Part of the Gujarat sultanate.
- 1508 — Francisco de Almeida sailed into the deep natural harbour.
- 1534 — Mumbai ceded to the Portuguese.
- 1661 — Portuguese Princess Catherine of Braganza brings Bom Bahia to King Charles II of England as part of her marriage dowry.
- 1668/1669 — East India Company takes over Mumbai, coins new name Bombay.
- 1670 — First printing press imported to Bombay by Parsi businessman Bhimji Parikh
- 1675 — Population estimated to have risen to 60,000 from 10,000 in 1661.
- 1675 — The Mumba Devi temple of Hindu Goddess rebuilt by an Hindu woman, near the main landing site on the former Bori Bunder creek or inlet, against the north wall of the English Fort Saint George.
- 1735 — Start of ship-building industry.
- 1777 — First newspaper published in Bombay by Rustomji.
- 1822 — First vernacular language newspaper in Bombay, Mumbai Samachar published by Fardoonjee. India's oldest newspaper still being published.

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- 1838 — First edition of Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce launched
- 1845 — Grant Medical College founded.
- April 16, 1853 — First railway line in India between Mumbai and Thane.
- 1854 — First cotton mill started.
- 1857 — University of Bombay established.
- 1870 — Bombay Port Trust formed.
- 1872 — Bombay Municipal Corporation founded.
- 1885 — Indian National Congress formed at Gowalia tank Maidan.
- 1887 — Victoria Jubilee Technological Institute (VJTI) established. First and only institute offering degree in engineering until 1960.
- 1911 — King George V and Queen Mary visit Bombay. Gateway of India is built to commemorate their arrival.
- January 12, 1915 — Gandhi returns to India from South Africa at Bombay.
- January 22, 1926 — King Edward Memorial Hospital inaugurated.
- July 15, 1926 — First motorised bus ran between Afghan church and Crawford Market.
- 1930 — Mumbai Cricket Association established.
- October 15, 1932 — J. R. D. Tata flew from Karachi to Bombay via Ahmedabad landing on a grass strip at Juhu paving the way for civil aviation in India.
- August 8, 1942 — Quit India Movement declaration passed at Gowalia Tank Maidan.
- April 14, 1944 — Massive explosion rocks Bombay Harbour killing scores of people, and debris falling more than 3 km away.
- 1958 — IIT Bombay established in Powai.
- 31 March 1964 — Last tram made its journey from Bori Bundar to Dadar.
- December 1992 - January 1993 — Over 2000 people killed in Hindu-Muslim communal riots following the Babri Masjid destruction.
- 1993 — Serial bomb blasts across Bombay, masterminded by underworld don Dawood Ibrahim, kill 300 and injure hundreds more.
- 1996 — Bombay renamed officially to Mumbai by the Maharashtra State Government, and later approved by Government of India. The Indian Government then officially informed the world to refer to the city by name Mumbai henceforth. Subsequently University of Bombay renamed to University of Mumbai.
- 1998 — Victoria Jubilee Technological Institute renamed to Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute.
- August 25, 2003 — Two bombings by Islamist terrorists, allegedly connected to the Pakistani Lashkar-e-Toiba, kill 48 and injure 150.

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